International Relations

China Iran Relations: Past, Present & Future

Although unofficial diplomatic interaction between the People’s Republic of China and Iran started in 1949, formal diplomatic relations between the two countries started in 1971 after the historic USA-China thaw. Notwithstanding the ideological differences between the leaders of the two countries-the Shah was friendly towards the United States and Mao was a communist, the relationship…

The Scope of International Relations

Every branch of academic disciplines tries to explain some aspect of the world from different perspectives based on its respective body of literature. This body of literature has been built over a period in response to particular problems or questions emerging relating to its subject matter. Similarly, the study of international relations (IR), a branch…

Global Terrorism: Challenges & Response – Part 2

Abstract Terrorism is an historical as well as a universal phenomenon, practised by every type of organisation, religious or non-religious, right-wing or left-wing. Consequently, the reasons for the terrorist activities  are always subject to the context, time and place. However, there has been an increase in terrorist attacks; Middle East, Asia, and Africa were most…

World Peace: A Norm or an Aberration?

The International Day of Peace, sometimes called World Peace Day, is observed annually on 21 September. There are two opposite views whether world peace, narrowly defined as absence of warfare, is a norm while war is an aberration. Dr Margaret MacMillan, Professor of International History at Oxford and author of The War That Ended Peace,…

Global Terrorism: Challenges & Response – Part 1

Abstract Terrorism is an historical as well as a universal phenomenon, practised by every type of organisation, religious or non-religious, right-wing or left-wing. Consequently, the reasons for the terrorist activities  are always subject to the context, time and place. However, there has been an increase in terrorist attacks; Middle East, Asia, and Africa were most…

Six Fault lines of Afghanistan

Six Fault lines of Afghanistan

Afghanistan, to a great extent, is the Lebanon of central Asia. Just study the power-sharing formula of Lebanon and you will have some idea of future Afghanistan Located at the southern edge of Central Asia, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and in the far…

War on Terror: Causes, Course, Costs and Consequences Part 1

War on Terror: Causes, Course, Costs and Consequences Part 1

“This crusade – this war on terrorism – is going to take a while” George Bush Abstract Though it was the worst intelligence failure of any intelligence agency in history, the USA took maximum advantage of 9/11 tragedy and embarked on the mission to accomplish the objectives set forth in the infamous neo-con paper, known…

War on Terror: Causes, Course, Costs and Consequences Part 2

War on Terror: Causes, Course, Costs and Consequences Part 2

“This crusade – this war on terrorism – is going to take a while” George Bush Abstract Though it was the worst intelligence failure of any intelligence agency in history, the USA took maximum advantage of 9/11 tragedy and embarked on the mission to accomplish the objectives set forth in the infamous neo-con paper, known…

Arab Spring: Genesis, Causes of Failure & Lessons Learnt

Arab Spring: Genesis, Causes of Failure & Lessons Learnt

Abstract The Arab Spring is the name given to the spontaneous uprising of the public against the bad governance of the modern Middle Eastern countries in the first half of the 21st century. This article explains how and why it started from Tunisia where it succeeded  and how it spread to other countries where it…

Globalization: Compressing Time and Space -Part 2

Globalization: Compressing Time and Space -Part 2

Abstract Globalization, a multidimensional set of social process that create, and intensify world wide social, economic and technological  interdependencies and exchanges, is an historical phenomenon affecting every country directly or indirectly.  This essay examines the 5-phase history of globalisation taking five crucial inventions of mankind namely fire, wheel, printing, steam, and internet respectively as the …