International Relations

Modern Public Administration-Issues and Challenges

Modern Public Administration-Issues and Challenges

A modern public administrator in any country has to grapple with multifarious issues and face multiple challenges which are in addition to the traditional challenges of delivering quality service in given time and with limited resources. I have identified seven such issues which you can remember in the form of an acronym-BAD STEP. This acronym…

Role of Westphalia (1648) in modern international relation system?

Role of Westphalia (1648) in modern international relation system?

Concluded in October 1648 among the European powers of the day except England, Poland, Russia and the Ottoman Empire, Peace of Westphalia is considered to be the foundation stone of the modern nation-states system. It not only brought to an end two wars namely the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch and the…

Different Schools of Economic Thought

Different Schools of Economic Thought

In Economics, a school of economic thought is a group of economic thinkers who share or shared a common perspective regarding the way economies work. Systematic economic theory has been developed mainly since the beginning of what is termed as the modern era which started with the rise of early classical economists belonging to the…

European Union-Crises of Confidence

European Union-Crises of Confidence

After the end of the 2nd WW, Europe became the world’s 2nd most prosperous region after the USA mainly due to America’s generosity in the form of the Marshall Plan and the military protection it provided under NATO. Although Washington Consensus provided an ideal financial and economic environment for the developed and the developing countries…

Causes of 1857 War of independence

Causes of 1857 War of independence

Introduction On April 27, 1857, eighty-five soldiers of a Bengal regiment of British East India Company, posted in Meerut, disobeyed to use the new cartridges, allegedly encased in cow and pig grease. Harsh punishment meted out to the disobedient soldiers and that too in front of their colleagues, resulted in the mutiny of several regiments…

Clash of Civilizations by Samuel P. Huntington-A Critique

Clash of Civilizations by Samuel P. Huntington-A Critique

Abstract  After the fall of the Soviet Union, several scholars attempted to provide a new paradigm for understanding international relations. Francis Fukuyama argued that after the decline of communism, the humankind had reached an end point in ideological evolution, what he called the End of History. Henceforth, he maintained, the world would be dominated by…

Why Did Soviet Union Enter Afghanistan in 1979?

Why Did Soviet Union Enter Afghanistan in 1979?

On December 25, 1979, the 40th Army of the Soviet Union entered her neighbouring country, Afghanistan in order to prop up the government of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA). PDPA, a steadfast ally of the Soviet Union, was facing an existential threat from a bloody insurgency, apparently home-grown but covertly sponsored by arch…

Can a meaningful comparison be made  between Pakistan Railways and Indian Railways?

Can a meaningful comparison be made between Pakistan Railways and Indian Railways?

It has become quite fashionable in Pakistan to compare every sector of the country with its respective Indian counterpart and start lamenting that Pakistan is far behind India in every field. Similarly there is a lot of hue and cry in the media-print, electronic and social, of the country that every state institution in Pakistan…

American Interests in Syria

American Interests in Syria

For USA and her western allies, the Syrian crises is a one more step forward towards the realisation of their grand strategy to retain their global hegemony which is under threat due to gradual structural shift in world power equations. Part and parcel of the Neo-con agenda, this grand strategy has been successfully implemented so…

Russian Interests in Syria

Russian Interests in Syria

During all the ups and downs in the present crises engulfing Middle East, one thing has remained the same –the unflinching support of Russia for its long-time ally Syria’s Bashar ul Assad. Russia has consistently provided Assad with support at the United Nations, and is also the key arms supplier for the Syrian regime. Russia has many fold…