Pakistan Studies

Pakistan Ideology: Sources & Features

Abstract Ideology of Pakistan is one of the most intellectually misunderstood and politically misused concepts in Pakistan. Some persons equate it with Two Nations Theory which was the basis of creation of Pakistan while others bracket it with Islamic Ideology. Both are not true. This essay attempts to dispel the above myth by explaining the…

Pakistani Culture: Sources & Drivers

Although Pakistan is only a 70-years old nation-state, all its federating units are proud inheritors of thousands of years old rich cultural traditions manifested in all facets of their daily life-food, shelter, clothing, ideas/beliefs, entertainment, etc. However, slowly but surely, distinct Pakistani culture is emerging with its own peculiar ethnic Pakistani touch, kaleidoscopic blend of…

Privatisation: Advantages & Disadvantages- The Great Debate

Like so many other terms and concepts in social sciences, privatization has not any universally acceptable definition. There are at least three perspectives from which privatization can be defined for analytical purposes and suggesting/taking policy decisions. Economic Liberalization: In its broadest sense, privatization can refer to economic liberalization of the entire economy by removing the…

Food Security Policy of Pakistan: Challenges & Response in Covid-19 Environment

Basic objective of any country all over the world and throughout the history has been to improve the quality of life of its citizens. Although a comprehensive concept having social, economic and political dimensions, the first and the most important component of quality of life is the food security—sufficient availability of quality food and its…

Pakistan’s Strategic Culture: Determinants & Dimensions

Abstract Strategic culture is set of shared beliefs, assumptions and modes of behaviour derived from common experiences and accepted narratives that shape collective identity and determine appropriate ends and means to accomplish national security objectives. It is a complex phenomenon shaped by history, geography and cultural heritage of a country. This article attempts to analyse…

Electoral Reforms: Need and Recommendation

No one can deny the importance of fair and free elections held periodically to fill in the seats at various tiers of parliamentary democracy. There are at least eight functions ofelections in any democratic set up 1.       Leadership Funnel: Firstly, they are an institutional mechanism to elect the ruling elite in a country run under democracy….

Comparing Economic Progress of Pakistan with South Korea – Part 1

Abstract Comparing the 70-year development experience of Pakistan with that of any of the Asian Tigers, particularly South Korea, is an exercise in futility; the speed and content of the economic development of a country depends upon several constants and variables such as Initial conditions at the start of its economic development Economic policies adopted…

Comparing Economic Progress of Pakistan with South Korea – Part 2

Abstract Comparing the 70-year development experience of Pakistan with that of any of the Asian Tigers, particularly South Korea, is an exercise in futility; the speed and content of the economic development of a country depends upon several constants and variables such as Initial conditions at the start of its economic development Economic policies adopted…

China Pakistan Economic Corridor(CPEC): Game Changer or a Debt Trap

I do not believe in the ill-famed Warm Water Theory of alleged aspirations of successive Russian emperors and later on their inheritors to reach the Arabian Sea/ Indian Ocean, an aspiration which led to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. However, even if we believe in its genuineness for argument’s sake, what Russian Empire…

Improving Pakistan’s Global Image

Improving Pakistan’s Global Image

A country’s image is defined by Martin and Eroglu “as the total of all descriptive, inferential and informational beliefs one has about a particular country”. Importance of a positive global image of a country in this rapidly globalizing world cannot be overemphasised.  Whether it is question of access to foreign markets for increasing exports and…