Pakistan Studies

Two Nations Theory: Myths and Reality

Two Nations Theory: Myths and Reality

Basis of the partition of the British India in 1947 and the justification for the creation of Pakistan, the Two Nations Theory was a time-specific, area-specific formula to find a solution for the peaceful dissolution of the vast but crumbling British Indian Empire in the 1940s. It suggested that the Hindus and Muslims of India…

Is Pakistan a Failed State?

Is Pakistan a Failed State?

In almost all branches of knowledge there are certain terms and concepts which confuse more than contributing anything worthwhile to the common understanding. In political science, failed state is one such concept which although studied for decades by numerous scholars, remains a contested concept vulnerable to different interpretations depending upon the context and the motive…

Commercial Agriculture: Need and Benefits

Commercial Agriculture: Need and Benefits

A farmer is not a subsistence farmer by choice; it is his uneconomical landholding and lack of access to finance which are two major handicaps for him to produce for the market. However, we cannot increase the productivity of the agriculture sector if we do not develop it on commercial lines and integrate the small…

Governance Reforms in Pakistan: Need and Content

Governance Reforms in Pakistan: Need and Content

According to World Bank, governance is “the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources for development”. In this sense governance is about the institutional environment in which citizens interact among themselves and with government agencies / officials. It is concerned directly with the management of the…

Origins of Gypsies

Origins of Gypsies

Gypsies also known as Roma originated in the Punjab region of the Northern India, present day Pakistan, as a nomadic people and entered Europe between the eighth and tenth centuries C.E. They were called “Gypsies” because Europeans mistakenly believed they came from Egypt. Various DNA analysis have discovered that Romani populations carried large frequencies of…

Water Issues in Pakistan

Water Issues in Pakistan

Water is the lifeline of the political economy of Pakistan. According to a recent IMF report, Pakistan has the world’s fourth highest rate of water use while in terms of water intensity rate — the cubic metres amount of water used per unit of GDP, the country ranks the first in the world, showing the…

What is Quantitative Easing?

What is Quantitative Easing?

One of the main tools to increase rate of growth in a country is to lower interest rates which encourage people or companies to spend money, thereby increasing the effective demand and hence profitability. However, there is a limit to this strategy; when interest rates are at almost zero, you are left with no option….

Keynesian Economics

Keynesian Economics

Keynesian economics gets its name, theories, and principles from British economist John Maynard Keynes (1883–1946), who not only introduced new concepts in Economic theory but also converted economics into a study of the flow of incomes and expenditures and opened up new vistas for economic analysis. He rose to the prominence during the Great Depression…

How to Set Goals in Life ?

How to Set Goals in Life ?

How to Set Goals in Life ? Goal setting is identifying what you want to achieve in life, how you will achieve it and measure that achievement. Goals must be set according to your age but break them down into realistic steps so that you can measure them over a period of time. For those…

Geological History of Pakistan: Its Relevance for Today

Geological History of Pakistan: Its Relevance for Today

According to the Theory of the Continental Drift, the Indian Subcontinent, including its northwestern and southeastern regions, which are now Pakistan, was once, in fact, millions of years ago, part of a supercontinent, called Pangaea. At that time, it was attached to Madagascar and southern Africa on the southwest coast, and Australia along the east…