Pakistan Studies

Democratic Development in Pakistan

Democratic Development in Pakistan

It is one of the ironies of fate that Pakistan, which owes its creation to a democratic struggle, should live half of its post-independence existence under military regimes. Every military dictator who took over the reins of the country on the pretext of ridding the political system of corrupt practices and putting country on the…

Role of State in Economic Development

Role of State in Economic Development

Because of the strong emotions involved as well as the changing nature of the views about it, discussing the role of state in the economic development of a country is a problematic issue. Pendulum keeps on changing with a 50+/- years cycle. Highly interventionist Mercantilists took the state control for granted irrespective of its necessity…

What is Pakistan Ideology: Myths and Content

What is Pakistan Ideology: Myths and Content

Ideology of Pakistan is one of the most intellectually misunderstood and politically misused concepts in Pakistan. Some persons equate it with Two Nations Theory which was the basis of creation of Pakistan while others bracket it with Islamic Ideology. Both are not true. Historical Background Pakistan came into existence as an independent state on 14th…

Historical Origins of Pakistan’s Cuisine

Historical Origins of Pakistan’s Cuisine

There is no such thing as a purely Pakistani cuisine, rather all our dishes, passed down from generations, have regional tastes and flavors. Given the range of diversity in the soil type, climate and occupations, these cuisines vary significantly from one other either because of use of different ingredients or their cooking techniques We have…

Pakistani Languages

Pakistani Languages

Urdu, although mother tongue of less than 5% of population of Pakistan, is the lingua franca, the national language and along with English is also the official language of the country. In all the other provinces and regions, Urdu and English are the official languages while Sindhi is the official language in the province of…

Military Regimes in Pakistan

Military Regimes in Pakistan

It is one of the ironies of fate that Pakistan which owes its creation to a democratic struggle has to live half of its post-independence existence under military regimes. Every military dictator who took over the reins of the country on the pretext of ridding the political system of corrupt practices and putting country on…

The Middle East Crises: Genesis and Dimensions

The Middle East Crises: Genesis and Dimensions

Originally coined by the British Foreign Office in the 19th century, the term Middle East refers to the region between the Western Asia in the east and Egypt on the west. The British divided the region into three sub regions-Near East, the area closest to the United Kingdom and most of North Africa; the Far…

What Ails Pakistan Railways and Why ?

What Ails Pakistan Railways and Why ?

There are multiple reasons for the poor performance and bad results of any State Owned Enterprises-structural as well as managerial, short term as well as long term. Pakistan Railways being a state enterprise, it is thus impossible rather naïve to point out one or two reasons for its unsatisfactory performance. One can count five main…

Consequences of 1857 Indian War of Independence

Consequences of 1857 Indian War of Independence

Like any cataclysmic event, 1857 Indian War of Independence gave birth to different social, political and economic trends which are still shaping the course of events in the post-colonial states of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and other countries of the Subcontinent. It is the reference point for all subsequent historical narratives in all threse countries.. Change…

Evolution of Political Economy of Pakistan

Evolution of Political Economy of Pakistan

Story of Pakistan’ development makes an interesting reading-how a country with lot of baggage of underdevelopment and sets of contradictions and constraints, starts its development journey and keeps on stumbling from phase to phase, adopting with religious fervour the mainstream globally accepted development ideas, policies and strategies, which are current at that time. From an…